Fishing is a primary occupation in India and a large populace survives on it. Even in the hinterland, fishing in the rivers and streams provides much needed food and resources. The Galo, a tribe in Arunachal Pradesh in Northeast India is adept in fishing in not one, but many ways. The tribe’s tools and techniques are completely eco-friendly too. The common fishing tool used by Galos named ‘Edir’ is made from locally available bamboo material.
Edir is a skillfully designed fish trap in the form of basket used to catch fish swimming in streams. This conical shaped bamboo trap is commonly used during the lean season when the river is drying out. This method is entirely harmless to aquatic life, since it uses no chemicals nor does it trap other animals. The basket is placed in the river or flowing streams by blocking the other escape points, so that the fish get trapped in Edir fish trap. The tribal people have also been using this technique to earn revenue and have been running it successfully as a commercial business.